Center For Advance Studies In Physics

Center For Advance Studies In Physics (CASP)


The Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics (CASP) has emerged, in recent years, as hub for research and development (R&D) activities at GC University Lahore. The Centre aims at achieving high quality R & D activities in experimental physics by imparting training to researchers in high tech equipment. Establishment of new research laboratories equipped with sophisticated machinery like Pelletron Accelerator, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Scanning Probe Microscope (5PM), Lasers, Universal Material Testing Machine and RF Induction Furnace have made the Centre distinct among other Departments of the University.

The Centre began as the “High Tension Laboratory” in I 954 which was established by Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry (Sitara-e-Khidmat, Sitarae-lmtiaz, and Hilal-e-lmtiaz) for carrying out research in Atomic and Nuclear Physics. Intensive research was carried out in this laboratory by Dr. R. M. Chaudhry, his students and colleagues. This laboratory had among other facilities, a 1.2 million Volts Cockcroft-Walton particle accelerator for conducting experiments in Atomic and Nuclear Physics. In 1967, the first student of the Centre, Mr. Mustafa Yar Khan, was awarded the PhD Degree.

Dr. Samar Mubarakmand, an Old Ravian remained Director Nuclear Research Laboratory from 1974 to 1977. Research activities during his tenure were re-initiated under his dynamic leadership. In recognition of his meritorious services and outstanding contribution in the field of Nuclear Physics, Dr. Mubarakmand was awarded- SitaraeImtiaz (1993), HiIaI-e-lmtiaz (1998) and NishaneImtiaz (2003).

In 1986, Dr. Muhammad Zakria Butt was instrumental in establishing the Metal Research Laboratories, equipped with a microprocessor controlled Universal Materials Testing Machine (100KN capacity) along with other equipment to study mechanical properties of crystals and their relationship with microstructure. The Laser Physics Laboratory was also set up with carbon di-oxide laser to carry out research in laser induced.

In 1991, the Board of Governors of Government College Lahore amalgamated all these laboratories and renamed it as Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics (CASP) and a new building was constructed for the same.

Major advancements were made in research facilities and infrastructure during 2002-2008. Degree awarding academic Programmes, at both Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels were launched in Electronics and Telecommunications. Both the programmes got nation-wide recognition and now these programmes have successfully been shifted under a separate /independent Faculty of Engineering.

Centre is privileged to have Eminent Scientists like Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry ( 1954- 1965), Dr. Tahir Hussain (1965-1968), Nasir Ahmad Qureshi (1968- 1969), Dr. Mannan Yaseen (1969- 1972), Dr. Mustafa Yar Khan (1972-1974), Dr. Samar Mubarakmand (1974- 1977), Sh. Aftab Ahmad (1977- 1979), Noor Muhammad Chaudhry (1979- 1985), Dr. Muhammad Zakria Butt (1985- 1997), Dr. Shujaat Mahmood KhaIid (1997- 1998), Dr. Ijaz Mujtaba Ghauri (2000 to 20I I ), Dr. Riaz Ahmad (2011- till to date).

Keeping in view the tremendous advancements in science and technology, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan was approached in 2002 for the provision of funds. Grants of Rs. I 90 millions were obtained from the HEC for revamping the existing facilities and for establishing new research laboratories. A new multi-story building was constructed to house


The CASP has been divided into four major research groups:

  • Materials Science Research Group
  • Accelerator Research Group
  • Laser Research Group
  • Plasma Processing of Materials Group

These groups are carrying out extensive research work on different research projects. A number research papers are being published by these groups in the journals of international repute every year. Conducting of workshops, Conferences and Seminars is a regular activity arranged by these working groups.

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)

It can be used to obtain variety of information of a sample e.g. it can provide topographical, morphological, compositional and crystallographic information. It can also be used for quality assurance assessment, detection of corrosion in metals and to perform qualitative & semi-quantitative elemental analyses.

Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

The TEM is highly sophisticated sate of the art instrument capable of carrying out Micro-Structural study of almost every kind of material including biological, metallic, polymer, and ceramic samples at an atomic level. It has a magnifying range of 1000-600,000 times with a very high resolution of 4 A0 (i.e. 4×10-10 m). The Transmission Electron Microscope installed at CASP is equipped with EDX system for X-ray micro analyses of the samples.

Pelletron Accelerator
GCU has the honor to have this kind of accelerator for the first time in the country. Pelletron accelerator has two active beam lines; one beam line is being effectively used for Proton Induced X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy (PIXE) analysis of materials by different science departments of the university. The second beam line is used for irradiation of materials. Thus we can carry out numerous research projects utilizing ions of different energies up to 4MeV for characterization and modification of materials.

RF-Induction Furnace
The furnace can be used for indigenous fabrication of different alloys of both ferrous and non-ferrous metals, to be used for advanced materials research and development activities.

Universal Testing Machine
The machine can be used to perform tensile tests of metals and alloys in the temperature range -180°C to 600°C. The tensile parameters like yield stress, ultimate tensile strength, percentage elongation, fracture toughness etc. can be determined using the computerized analytical facilities attached with the machine.

Scanning Probe Microscope
Scanning Probe Microscope (SPM) is used for surface morphology of almost all materials i.e. biological, metallic, polymers and ceramic samples at the atomic level with a three dimensional view. It has the ability to analyze the sample in any kind of environment, therefore high vacuum conditions are not required as in case of Electron Microscopes.

Micro-hardness Tester
The hardness tester is used to determine the hardness of different metals, alloys and polymers etc.

Metallurgical Microscope
This Microscope is suitable for microstructural study of all kind of samples The CCD camera attached with the scope can capture images magnified in the range 50 to 1000 times.

Nd:YAG Laser
This special type of laser is used for material modification, plasma formation and pulsed laser deposition of thin films.

Excimer Laser
Laser Ablation and pulsed laser deposition for fabrication of thin films are the major uses of Excimer laser.

Laser-induced breakdown Spectrometer
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and elemental analysis under different ambient environments are the major uses of this spectrometer.

Ti-Sapphire Laser
This is a state of the art laser and is widely used for ultrashot laser-matter interaction processes, femtosecond laser induced spectroscopy and pulsed laser deposition of thin films.

Plasma Technology Lab
The plasma technology lab contains dense plasma focus and cold plasma devices. Plasma diagnostics are being done using Langmuir probe and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). These devices are also used to deposit the various films on substrates.

Sample Preparation Facilities
Sample preparation lab is equipped with a number of different machines which can prepare samples according to the requirements of different High Tech Labs.

The research activities at CASP are aimed at exploring scientific facts primarily related to materials analysis and modification with intent to tailor properties of materials, to check archeological samples for applications in medicine and to help plan environmental improvement methods using high tech research equipment of the centre. CASP has produced scientists who have made their mark in prestigious research organizations like the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), A.Q. Khan Research Laboratories, the National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM), the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) and the National Institute of Silicon Technology (NIST). The outgoing graduates of the Centre are in a great demand at R & D organizations of the country.

Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry Chair
The Rafi M. Chaudhri Chair in Experimental Physics has been established at CASP to pay homage to its founder, Prof. Dr. Rafi M. Chaudhri, and to ensure that his tradition of research continues to flourish. So far, Dr. Nisar Ahmad (2008-2010), Dr. Shoaib Ahmad (2010-2012), Prof. Dr. Muhammad Zakria Butt (2013-2017) and Prof. Dr. Muhammad Zakaullah (2017-present) have been appointed as Rafi M. Chaudhri Chair Professors in Experimental Physics.

CASP Library
The CASP Library provides a collection of information resources for researchers. A number of computers are also provided for students to connect to the Internet and access electronic catalogues.

MPhil Applied Physics

Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
AP-PHY-7101 Physics of materials 3
AP-PHY-7102 Laser Physics 3
AP-PHY-7105 Experimental Plasma Physics 3
AP-PHY-7106 Experimental Techniques 3
Note: Four courses will be selected from the table given below
AP-PHY-7103 Laser Matter Interaction 3
AP-PHY-7104 Applied Optics 3
AP-PHY-7107 Accelerator Physics 3
AP-PHY-7108 Laboratory work 3
AP-PHY-7109 Advanced Magnetic Materials and Devices Theory 3
AP-PHY-7110 Semiconductor Physics 3
AP-PHY-7111 Electrodynamics 3
AP-PHY-7112 Nanomaterials and Renewable Energy 3
Semester III & IV
AP-PHY-7499 Thesis 12

PhD Applied Physics

Semester I
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
AP-PHY-7113 Transmission Electron Microscopy for Materials Science 3
AP-PHY-7114 Soft Condensed Matter Physics 3
AP-PHY-7115 Some Essential Techniques used in Materials Sciences 3
Note: Other courses can be opted from department of Physics GCU Lahore.


Name Designation Area of Interest

Prof. Dr. Shazia Bashir, *

PhD (TU Austria)

Director/Professor Laser-matter interaction, Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and Plasma characterization, Pulsed laser deposition of thin films, Micro/nanostructuring of materials by laser and ion irradiation Impact factor

Dr. Naveed Afzal,

PhD (USM Malaysia)

Associate Professor Material Science

Dr. Tousif Hussain,


Associate Professor Plasma Physics/Materials Science

Dr. Nawaz Muhammad,

PhD (Utrecht University)

Assistant Professor Earth Sciences / Salt Rheology & Transport Properties

Dr. Mohsin Rafique

PhD (Hanyang University)

Assistant Professor (IPFP) Accelerator Physics

Mr. Syed Tahir Abbas,

MPhil (PU)

Assistant Professor Material Science

Mr. Athar Naeem Akhtar,

MPhil (PU)

Assistant Professor Accelerator Physics

Mr. Shahzad Saadat,


Assistant Professor Accelerator Physics

Mr. Khaliq Mahmood,

MPhil (UET)

Assistant Professor Laser Physics

Dr. Ghulam Murtaza

PhD (PU)

Assistant Professor Material Science

Dr, Asma Hayat,


Assistant professor Nano and femtosecond laser  Physics (CO2, Nd:YAG, Excimer, Ti:sapphire), Laser ablation on nanosecond and femtosecond time scale, nonlinear absorption, Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, AFM/SEM studies of laser ablated surfaces

Mr. M. Ahsan Shafique,

MPhil. (GCUL) (On Study Leave)

Lecturer Material Science

Ms Sobia Saher,

MPhil (UET)

Lecturer Material Science

Mr. Rana Muhammad Ayub,

MPhil (GCUL)

Lecturer Material Science

Mr. Farrukh Ehtesham Mubarik,

M.Phil (GCUL)

Lecturer Plasma Physics, Material Science

Dr. Mahreen Akram,


Lecturer Laser Physics

Mr. Muhammad Shahnawaz,

MPhil (GCUL)

Lecturer Accelerator Physics

Mr. Zeeshan Zaheer,

Mphil (GCUL)

Lecturer Material Science

Mr. Sajjad Ahmad,

MPhil (UET)

Lecturer Material Science

Mr. Muhammad Sabtain Abbas,

MPhil (GCUL)

Lecturer Plasma Materials Processing
Dr. Rafi M. Chaudri Chair

Prof. Dr. M. Zakaullah

PhD (Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad)

Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhri Chair Professor Experimental Plasma Physics

HEC Approved Supervisor

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Contact Us

Prof. Dr. Shazia Bashir
Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics (CASP)
1-Church Road, GC University, Lahore
Phone: +92 (42) 99211589