Biotechnology

INTRODUCTION

The 21st century is envisioned as an era of Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology. Remarkable achievements have been made in the field of science in general, and life sciences in particular, during recent decades. The industrial biotechnology is one of the promising fields that have the potential to address some of the world’s greatest challenges, such as feeding a growing population and offering new alternatives to our scarce natural resources. Although there is a long way to go, if industrial biotechnology reaches its full potential it has the potential to impact the world.
The products of industrial biotechnology include a variety of everyday products such as alcoholic beverages, organic acids, enzymes, detergents, amino acids, baker’s yeast, bioplastics, health care products, biofuel and biodiesel. The impact of industrial biotechnology improving the quality of life is obvious by the fact that the global biotechnology industry has grown to reach revenue of $338 billion in 2018. The global biotechnology market is expected to reach $727.1 billion by 2025.
Realizing the immense economic potential of industrial biotechnology, Institute of Industrial Biotechnology (IIB) was set up in 2005 at GC University Lahore under a grant of Rs. 48.087 million from Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan. IIB is a vibrant institute which has gained a good repute in the University and the society due to its strong commitment to excellence both in research and teaching during the last five years.
The aim of IIB is to develop indigenous experts in Microbiology and Biotechnology. This will increase employment opportunities for qualified students both in industrial research and development markets. The manpower will be highly instrumental in developing in-house technologies for the production of various industrial products at National and International level. The Institute has adopted an integrated approach embracing the view that tomorrow’s breakthroughs are likely to occur at the interface of traditional and advanced biological subdivisions. The aim is well served by the amalgamation of all the related disciplines of Microbiology and Biotechnology. The learning process at IIB comprises of a combination of lectures (theory & practical), seminars/presentations, research projects, internships in various industries, industrial study tours, self-directed readings and independent studies.

Facilities

The Department holds following sophisticated labs with state-of-the-art equipment:

Workshop and Drawing Hall

Mission Statment

The Mission statement of IIB is the: “Initiate enthusiastic endeavors to establish strong foundation for pursuing excellence in the rapidly advancing integrated fields of Biotechnology and Microbiology.”

Programme Aim

The aim of IIB is to develop indigenous manpower experts in the fields of Microbiology and Biotechnology. This will increase employment opportunities for qualified students both in industrial research and development markets. The manpower will be highly instrumental in developing in-house technologies for the production of various industrial products at national and international level.

Curriculum Upgradation

To meet the requirements of the continuously developing technologies and educate graduates for tomorrow IIB is continuously updating Curriculum by following procedural steps:

  • The course contents of Microbiology and Biotechnology are prepared according to the guidelines provided by HEC and QEC of GCU.
  • The Departmental Curriculum Committee updates/revises the curricula regularly (every six months) on the basis of the latest trends and developments, and feedback from the concerned teachers and students.
  • The courses are then approved by the concerned Board of Studies in Microbiology and Biotechnology separately which consists of renowned Scientists, Academicians and Industrialists from all over the country.

The Learning Process

The learning process at IIB comprises of a combination of lectures (theory & practical), seminars/presentations, research projects, internships in various industries and hospitals, industrial study tours, self-directed readings and independent studies.

Facilities and Resource

Highly qualified and experienced teaching faculty is present to instruct and supervise students in the latest fields of Microbiology and Biotechnology. All the faculty members are engaged in R&D activities in addition to teaching and other activities. The research is focused on various disciplines of Microbiology and Biotechnology particularly Fermentation Technology, Enzymology, Bioprocess Technology, Molecular Biology, Bioenergy, Tissue Culture, Protein Purification and Bioinformatics. Besides six lecture rooms, one conference room and one committee room, there are three General Labs and six Research Labs in the Institute. Another Lab is available for Autoclaving and Sterilizing Chambers like Incubators, Ovens and Ice Cold Machine, etc. Soon a Cold Room will also be established for culture collections and some other related activities. All the equipment and facilities at IIB are available to students and researchers. Students from other universities and organizations also benefit from these facilities. A Life Sciences Library has been established in IIB which has a collection of more than 10,000 books related to various fields of Microbiology and Biotechnology. A number of reference books are also available. IIB is also running a computer lab for faculty and students with internet facility. Facilities and resources available at present include the following equipment:-

  • Stirred Fermentors (3 L, 7.5 L, 25 L & 30 L)
  • Temperature Controlled Rotary Shaking Incubators
  • High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) System
  • Saccharification vessel (50 L)
  • Storage Tanks (100 L)
  • Scanning Spectrophotometer (UV/Vis double Beam Scanning System)
  • Gel Electrophoresis & Documentation System (Gel-Doc)
  • Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) System
  • Thermocycler (PCR machine)
  • Ultra Heat Sonicator
  • Freeze Dryer
  • Low-Pressure Chromatography
  • Multiporator
  • Cool Lab
  • Growth Chambers (Bacteria & Fungi)
  • Temperature Controlled  High  Speed
  • Centrifuges
  • Basket Centrifuge
  • Rotary Vacuum Filter
  • SpeedVac Concentrator
  • Spray Dryer
  • Laminar Air Flow Cabinets
  • Rotary Vacuum Concentrator
  • Ultra Freezers (−80ºC, -20), etc.

R&D, Labs and Research Groups

All the faculty members are engaged in R&D in addition to teaching and other activities. The research is focused on various disciplines of Microbiology and Biotechnology particularly Fermentation Technology, Enzymology, Bioprocess Technology, Molecular Biology, Bioenergy, Tissue Culture, Protein Purification and Bioinformatics. Besides six lecture rooms, one conference room and one committee room, there are three General Labs and six Research Labs in the Institute. Another Lab is available for Autoclaving and Sterilizing Chambers like Incubators, Ovens and Ice Machine, etc.

Institutional support and achievements

  • The University encourages foreign training of faculty members. In this context, 4 faculty members have availed Fulbright Scholarships for pre-and post-doctoral studies in USA and two have specialized in enzyme preparations from China.
  • Faculty Members of IIB regularly attend National & International Conferences/Seminars/ Symposia / Workshops in the country and abroad to share their work with their peers.
  • The students of Biotechnology & Microbiology receive stipends/scholarships from HEC and PEEF every year to support their studies. The University also provides support to deserving students in the form of financial aid. Some of the students have won Fulbright scholarships to study in the USA for one semester.
  • Teachers also guide students in matters of employment/placement.
  • Several prestigious awards such as the Sitara-e-Imtiaz, Fellowship of Pakistan Academy of Sciences, Best University Teacher award, Productive and Active Scientists of Pakistan have been awarded to the faculty of IIB.
  • Large numbers of research students are being supervised by faculty members. The researchers have produced around 400 theses and published more than 600 research papers in national and international journals of high repute.

Research Projects

Twelve Research Projects sponsored by Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF), Pakistan, Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), HEC, GCU & Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) have been completed successfully. And 10 projects are in progress in the institute.

Research Publications

Since 2005, faculty members of the Institute of Industrial Biotechnology have published more than 600 publications in the journal of national and international repute.

Life Sciences Library

Life Sciences Library was established in IIB in 2009 which has a collection of more than 10,000 books related to various fields of Microbiology and Biotechnology. A number of reference books are also available.

Academic and research links

A number of academic and research links have been developed with Universities, Institutes, Research Organizations, Hospitals and Industries at national and international level. Some of the links are as follows:

Name
Institute of Microbiology Hebei Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang, China PCSIR Labs Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA NARC, Chak Shahzad, Islamabad
Hebei Research Institute of Microbiology, HRIM, Baoding, China. National Feeds (pvt.), Ltd., Sheikhupura
Sanford  Burnham Medical  Research Institute, Orlando, USA Alpha Chemicals, Multan Road, Pattoki
Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA Children Hospital, Lahore.
Iowa State University, Ames Iowa, USA Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
The Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco University  of  Veterinary  and  Animal Sciences, Lahore
University of Siegen, Germany School of Biological Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia Institute of Molecular Sciences and Bioinformatics, Lahore
University of Selangor (UNISEL), Malaysia Armed Forces Institute of Nutrition
NIBGE, Jhang Road, Faisalabad NIAB, Jhang Road, Faisalabad

Future plans

Microbiology and Biotechnology are rapidly developing fields of science, covering a wide range of industrial processes. Successful graduates from the institute have career opportunities in a number of multinational and national industries. In addition, they also have employment opportunities both in teaching and research in different universities and research organizations of national and international fame. One of the main interests of the institute is microbial technology related to the sustainable development of human society, especially on the engineering of microbial strains with the diverse physiological functions using gene engineering, protein engineering, metabolic engineering and other advanced technological techniques. The development of new processes and approaches for microbial products by studying the metabolic activities of the newly reconstructed strains is also the main research field. The research aims at the microbial conversion of agricultural and industrial waste into fuel, feed, and chemicals; the microbiology studies on resources exploration and environmental improvement; development of new fermentation technology and bio-products.

1.Biotechnology

  • BSc (Hons.)
  • MPhil
  • PhD

2.Microbiology

  • BSc (Hons.),
  • MPhil
  • PhD
  • The course contents of our programmes related to Microbiology and Biotechnology are prepared according to the guidelines provided by HEC.

  • The Departmental Curriculum Committee updates/revises the curricula regularly (every six months) on the basis of the latest trends and developments, and feedback from the concerned teachers and students.

  • The courses are then approved by the concerned Board of Studies in Microbiology and Biotechnology separately which consists of renowned Scientists, Academicians and Industrialists from all over the country.

  • Fermentation/Bioprocess Technology

  • Enzymology

  • Industrial Microbiology

  • Molecular Biology

  • Biofuel / Bioenergy

  • Bioinformatics and Proteomics

  • Immunology & Medical Microbiology

IIB has been able to develop the infrastructure for performing lab and pilot-scale projects in a very short span of time. The students and young faculty members are the main strengths who are further guided by highly qualified scientists. The industrialization of Biotechnology for the biosynthesis of products is based on bioprocesses by making use of indigenous resources (agro-industrial). These include organic acids, biofuels, enzymes and antibiotics. Some of these projects were funded by Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF), Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Higher Education Commission (HEC) and Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).

BIOTECHNOLOGY

    • BSc (Hons) Biotechnology

    • Biotechnology as Allied Subject

    • MPhil

    • PhD

MICROBIOLOGY

    • BSc (Hons) Microbiology

    • Microbiology as Allied Subject

    • MPhil

    • PhD

Course Details

Year-I
Semester – I
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
BIOTECH-1101 Basic Biotechnology-I 2
BIOTECH-1101P Basic Biotechnology-I 1
Semester – II
BIOTECH-1201 Basic Biotechnology-II 2
BIOTECH-1201P Basic Biotechnology-II 1
Year-II
Semester – III
BIOTECH-2101 Biochemistry-I 2
BIOTECH-2101P Biochemistry-I 1
Semester – IV
BIOTECH-2201 Biochemistry-II 2
BIOTECH-2201P Biochemistry-II 1
BIOTECH-2202 Cell Biology 2
BIOTECH-2202P Cell Biology 1
Year-III
Semester – V
BIOTECH-3101 Metabolism-I 2
BIOTECH-3101P Metabolism-I 1
BIOTECH-3102 Bioremediation 2
BIOTECH-3102P Bioremediation 1
BIOTECH-3103 Fermentation Technology 3
BIOTECH-3103P Fermentation Technology 1
BIOTECH-3104 Molecular Biology 3
BIOTECH-3104P Molecular Biology 1
BIOTECH-3105 Microbial Genetics 2
BIOTECH-3105P Microbial Genetics 1
Semester – VI
BIOTECH-3201 Metabolism-II 2
BIOTECH-3201P Metabolism-II 1
BIOTECH-3202 Immunology 2
BIOTECH-3202P Immunology 1
BIOTECH-3203 Enzymology 3
BIOTECH-3203P Enzymology 1
BIOTECH-3204 Recombinant DNA Technology 3
BIOTECH-3204P Recombinant DNA Technology 1
BIOTECH-3205 Techniques in Biotechnology 2
BIOTECH-3205P Techniques in Biotechnology 1
Year-IV
Semester – VII
BIOTECH-4101 Food Microbiology 3
BIOTECH-4101P Food Microbiology 1
BIOTECH-4102 Bioinformatics-I 3
BIOTECH-4102P Bioinformatics-I 1
Elective-I 2
Elective-I 1
Elective-II 2
Elective-II 1
BIOTECH-4299 Project/Internship 3
Semester – VIII
BIOTECH-4201 Bioinformatics – II 3
BIOTECH-4201P Bioinformatics – II 1
BIOTECH-4202 Skills and Research Methodology 2
BIOTECH-4202P Skills and Research Methodology 1
Elective-III 2
Elective-III 1
Elective-IV 2
Elective-IV 1
BIOTECH-4299 Project/Internship 3
Elective Courses
Semester – VII
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
BIOTECH-4103 Biofuel and Bioenergy 2
BIOTECH-4103P Biofuel and Bioenergy 1
BIOTECH-4104 Drug design and Drug delivery 2
BIOTECH-4104P Drug design and Drug delivery 1
BIOTECH-4105 Radiobiology 2
BIOTECH-4105P Radiobiology 1
BIOTECH-4106 Nanobiotechnology 2
BIOTECH-4106P Nanobiotechnology 1
BIOTECH-4107 Genetic Resources and Conservation 3
BIOTECH-4108 Marine Biotechnology 3
BIOTECH-4109 Engineering Biosafety and Bioethics 3
BIOTECH-4110 Bioelectronics and Biosensor 3
BIOTECH-4111 Molecular Diagnostics 3
Elective Courses
Semester – VIII
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
BIOTECH-4203 Animal Tissue Culture 2
BIOTECH-4203P Animal Tissue Culture 1
BIOTECH-4204 Plant Tissue Culture 2
BIOTECH-4204P Plant Tissue Culture 1
BIOTECH-4205 Biostatistics 2
BIOTECH-4205P Biostatistics 1
BIOTECH-4206 Protein Purification 2
BIOTECH-4206P Protein Purification 1
BIOTECH-4207P Medical Biotechnology 1
BIOTECH-4108 Marine Biotechnology 3
BIOTECH-4208 Principles of Biochemical Engineering 2
BIOTECH-4208P Principles of Biochemical Engineering 1
BIOTECH-4209P Environmental Biotechnology 1
BIOTECH-4210 Fungal Biotechnology 2
BIOTECH-4210P Fungal Biotechnology 1
BIOTECH-4211 Economics and Business Applications 2
BIOTECH-4211P Economics and Business Applications 1
BIOTECH-4212 Forensic Sciences 2
BIOTECH-4212P Forensic Sciences 1
Allied Courses (Biotechnology)
Year -I (Semester – I)
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
BIOTECH-1101 Basic Biotechnology-I 2
BIOTECH-1101P Basic Biotechnology-I 1
(Semester – II)
BIOTECH-1201 Basic Biotechnology-II 2
BIOTECH-1201P Basic Biotechnology-II 1
Year -II (Semester – III)
BIOTECH-2101 Biochemistry-I 2
BIOTECH-2101P Biochemistry-I 1
(Semester – IV)
BIOTECH-2201 Biochemistry-II 2
BIOTECH-2201P Biochemistry-II 1
Year-I
Semester – I
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
MICBIO-1101 General Microbiology-I 2
MICBIO-1101P General Microbiology-I 1
Semester – II
MICBIO-1201 General Microbiology-II 2
MICBIO-1201P General Microbiology-II 1
Year-II
Semester – III
MICBIO-2101 General Microbiology-III 2
MICBIO-2101P General Microbiology-III 1
Semester – IV
MICBIO-2201 General Immunology 2
MICBIO-2201P General Immunology 1
MICBIO-2202 Cell Biology 2
MICBIO-2202P Cell Biology 1
Year-III
Semester – V
MICBIO-3101 Microbial Taxonomy 2
MICBIO-3101P Microbial Taxonomy 1
MICBIO-3102 Virology 2
MICBIO-3102P Virology 1
MICBIO-3103 Mycology 3
MICBIO-3103P Mycology 1
MICBIO-3104 Molecular Biology 3
MICBIO-3104P Molecular Biology 1
MICBIO-3105 Microbial Anatomy and Physiology 2
MICBIO-3105P Microbial Anatomy and Physiology 1
Semester – VI
MICBIO-3202 Food Microbiology 2
MICBIO-3202P Food Microbiology 1
MICBIO-3205 Clinical Bacteriology 2
MICBIO-3205P Clinical Bacteriology 1
MICBIO-3206 Biochemistry 2
MICBIO-3206P Biochemistry 1
MICBIO-3207 Bioinformatics 3
MICBIO-3207P Bioinformatics 1
MICBIO-3208 Applied Environmental Microbiology 3
MICBIO-3208P Applied Environmental Microbiology 1
Year-IV
Semester – VII
MICBIO-4101 Biotechnology 2
MICBIO-4101P Biotechnology 1
MICBIO-4102 Molecular Mechanism of Antimicrobial Drugs 2
MICBIO-4102P Molecular Mechanism of Antimicrobial Drugs 1
Elective-I 2
Elective-I 1
Elective-II 2
Elective-II 1
MICBIO-4299 Project 3
Semester – VIII
MICBIO-4201 Soil Microbiology 2
MICBIO-4201P Soil Microbiology 1
MICBIO-4204 Microbial Enzyme Technology 3
MICBIO-4204P Microbial Enzyme Technology 1
Elective-III 2
Elective-III 1
Elective-IV 2
Elective-IV 1
MICBIO-4299 Project 3
Elective Courses (Microbiology)
Semester – VII
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
MICBIO-4103 Fresh Water Microbiology 2
MICBIO-4103P Fresh Water Microbiology 1
MICBIO-4104 Cell and Tissue Culture Technology 2
MICBIO-4104P Cell and Tissue Culture Technology 1
MICBIO-4105 Genetic Engineering 2
MICBIO-4105P Genetic Engineering 1
MICBIO-4106 Food Preservation Technology 2
MICBIO-4106P Food Preservation Technology 1
MICBIO-4107 Epidemiology 2
MICBIO-4108 Skills and Research Methodology 2
MICBIO-4108P Skills and Research Methodology 1
Elective Courses  (Microbiology)
Semester – VIII
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
MICBIO-4202 DNA Damage, Repair and Carcinogenesis 2
MICBIO-4202P DNA Damage, Repair and Carcinogenesis 1
MICBIO-4203 Management of Infectious Waste 3
MICBIO-4205 Medical Microbiology 2
MICBIO-4205P Medical Microbiology 1
MICBIO-4206 Control of Microorganisms 2
MICBIO-4206P Control of Microorganisms 1
MICBIO-4207 Bacterial Genetics 2
MICBIO-4207P Bacterial Genetics 1
MICBIO-4208 Biostatistics 2
MICBIO-4208P Biostatistics 1

TOP

Allied Courses (Microbiology)
Semester – I
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
MICBIO-1101 General Microbiology-I 2
MICBIO-1101P General Microbiology-I 1
Semester – II
 MICBIO-1201 General Microbiology-II 2
MICBIO-1201P General Microbiology-II 1
Year – II
Semester – III
MICBIO-2101 General Microbiology-III 2
MICBIO-2101P General Microbiology-III 1
Semester – IV
MICBIO-2201 General Immunology 2
MICBIO-2201P General Immunology 1

 

Year-I
Course Code Course Title

Credit Hours

BIOTECH-7101 Principles of Fermentation Technology

3

BIOTECH-7102 Principles of Food Microbiology

3

BIOTECH-7103 Principles of Enzymology

3

BIOTECH-7104 Principles and Techniques of Molecular Biology

3

BIOTECH-7105 Principles of Protein Purification

3

BIOTECH-7106 Immunology

3

BIOTECH-7107 Tissue Culture

3

BIOTECH-7108 Bioremediation

3

BIOTECH-7109 Genomics & Bioinformatics

3

BIOTECH-7111 Proteomics

3

BIOTECH-7112 Biostatistics

3

BIOTECH-7201 Principles and Techniques of Molecular Biology

3

Year-II
BIOTECH-7499 Thesis

12

Year-I
Course Code Course Title

Credit Hours

MICBIO-7101 Advances in Food Microbiology

3

MICBIO-7102 Microbial Genomics and Molecular Biology

3

MICBIO-7103 Microbial Proteomics and Human Microbiome

3

MICBIO-7104 Advances in Medical Microbiology

3

MICBIO-7105 Virology

3

MICBIO-7106 Advances in Industrial Microbiology

3

MICBIO-7107 Bioinformatics and Drug Design

3

MICBIO-7108 Molecular Immunology

3

MICBIO-7109 Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

3

MICBIO-7110 Clinical Bacteriology

3

MICBIO-7111 Principles of Protein Purification

3

MICBIO-7112 Epidemiology and Biostatistics

3

Year-II
MICBIO-7499 Thesis

12

Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
Biotech-8101 Recombinant DNA Technology 3
Biotech-8102 Applications of Biotechnology 3
Biotech-8103 Techniques in Biotechnology 3
Biotech-8104 Advances in Microbial Genetics 3
Biotech-8105 Introduction to Biochemical Engineering 3
Biotech-8106 Advances in Fermentation Technology 3
Biotech-8107 Bioinformatics 3
Biotech-8201 Data Processing and Bioinformatics 3
Biotech-8202 Advances in Enzymology 3
Biotech-8203 Biotechnology of Mushroom Cultivation 3
Biotech-8204 Bioprocessing 3
Biotech-8205 Quality Control and Quality Assurance 3

Faculty

Prof. Dr. Ikram ul Haq,

SI, FPAS, ISESCO Laureate *

PhD (PU), Post-Doc (USA)

Area Of Interest
 Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology

Mr. Ishtiaq Ahmad
MPhil (UOL)

Designation:
Lecturer

Mr. Mahmood-ul-Hassan
MPhil (GCUL)

Designation:
Lecturer

Prof. Dr. Hamid Mukhtar *
PhD (GCUL)

Designation:
Director & Professor

Prof. Dr. Sikander Ali *
PhD (PU), Pre-Doc (US), Post-Doc (Australia)

Designation:
Professor

Prof. Dr. M. Nauman Aftab *
Post-Doc (US), PhD (China)

Designation:
Professor

Dr. Zahid Hussain *
PhD (Austria)

Designation:
Associate Professor

Dr. Bushra Muneer

PhD (PU)

Designation:
Associate Professor

Dr. Asad-ur-Rehman
PhD (Japan), Post-Doc (Germany)

Designation:
Assistant Professor

Dr. Uzma Hameed
PhD (PU)

Designation:
Assistant Professor

Dr. M. Tayyab Akhtar
PhD (Netherland)

Designation:
Assistant Professor

Dr. Umar Farooq Gohar
PhD (GCUL)

Designation:
Assistant Professor

Dr. Fatima Akram
PhD (GCUL) 

Designation:
Assistant Professor

Dr. Ali Nawaz
PhD (GCUL)

Designation:
Assistant Professor

Dr. Muhammad Usman Ahmad
PhD (GCUL) 

Designation:
Assistant Professor